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Comprehension – The Hike

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The Hike

Colin and Susan went hiking up the mountain. They were hungry. They could not find anything to eat. Susan saw some blueberries in a bush. They tasted sour. Colin saw some nuts. He wanted to eat them, but he could not crack the hard shells with his teeth. They saw some leaves. Colin tried to chew them, but the leaves tasted bitter. Suddenly, they smelled food was being cooked. They saw some campers were grilling food. Colin and Susan went over to join them.

Answer the questions.

1. Colin saw some _________.
a. apples
b. pears
c. nuts

2. How did the leaves taste?
a. sweet
b. bitter
c. salty

3. Why did Colin and Susan eat blueberries, nuts
and leaves?
a. They had no food to eat and were hungry.
b. They wanted to try different types of food.
c. They had plenty of food left.

4. They smelled something ____________.
a. raw
b. smoky
c. cooking

5. What were the campers doing?
a. They were gathering firewood.
b. They were eating.
c. They were grilling some food.

To print the worksheet, click on the title below.
Comprehension Practice – The Hike.

Watch the video here.

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Comprehension – Ted The Mouse

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Ted The Mouse

I am Ted the Mouse. I am grey and black. I have a long tail. I can run very fast. I live in a hole under the stairs. Sometimes, the big fat cat will trouble me. I have to be very careful. I like to visit my friends Sally and Pam next door. Today, we are having tea and cakes together. There are lots of things to say about that big fat cat. We dislike him very much. At last, it is time to go home.
“Goodbye, everybody!”

Answer the questions.

1. What is Ted?
a. Ted is a cat.   b. Ted is a duck.   c. Ted is a mouse.

2. What does Ted like to do?
a. Ted likes to sleep.
b. Ted likes to visit his friends.
c. Ted likes to look for the cat.

3. What are the names of Ted’s friends?
a. Kate and Peter.
b. Sally and Pam.
c. Jerry and Tom.

4. What are they having today?
a. They are having fruits.
b. They are having milk.
c. They are having teas and cakes.

5. Where is Ted living?
a. Ted lives in a hole under the stairs.
b. Ted lives in a hole in the cupboard.
c. Ted lives in the store room.

To print the worksheet, click on the title below.
Comprehension Practice – Ted The Mouse.

Watch the video here.

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Forms of The Verb

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I do my exercises every day.
I am doing my exercises now.
Yesterday, I did my exercises.
I have done my exercises already.
I shall do my exercises tomorrow.

Look at the sentences.  Which words tell us about actions?  These words are called verbs.
Do” , “doing“, “done” , “did” are verbs.  They are different forms of the same verb.  Verbs are words that show action.  The four forms of the verb show the different types of action.

Every day I (present)
Now I am (continuous)
Yesterday I (past)
I have already (perfect)
Tomorrow I shall (future)
Every day I (present)

add
beat
bend
bite
blow
break
bring
buy
carry
catch
change
close
come
cry
dance
dig
divide
do
draw
drink
drop
eat
fall
fight
find
fly
get
give
go
grow
hang
hide
hit
hold
hurry
join
jump
laugh
leave
live
lock
lose
make
meet
open
pay
put
read
reply
ride
ring
rise
row
run
say
see
sell
send
shake
shine
shoot
show
shut
sing
sit
skip
sleep
speak
stand
steal
stop
take
talk
teach
tear
tell
think
tie
throw
use
wait
wake
walk

Now I am (continuous)

adding
beating
bending
biting
blowing
breaking
bringing
buying
carrying
catching
changing
closing
coming
crying
cutting
dancing
digging
dividing
doing
drawing
drinking
dropping
eating
falling
fighting
finding
flying
getting
giving
going
growing
hanging
hiding
hitting
holding
hurrying
joining
jumping
laughing
leaving
living
locking
losing
making
meeting
opening
paying
putting
reading
replying
riding
ringing
rising
rowing
running
saying
seeing
selling
sending
shaking
shining
shooting
showing
shutting
singing
sitting
skipping
sleeping
speaking
standing
stealing
stopping
taking
teaching
tearing
telling
thinking
tying
throwing
using
waiting
waking
walking

Yesterday I (past)

added
beat
bent
bit
blew
broke
brought
bought
carried
caught
changed
closed
came
cried
cut
danced
dug
divided
did
drew
drank
dropped
ate
fell
fought
found
flew
got
gave
went
grew
went
grew
hung
hid
hit
held
hurried
joined
jumped
laughed
left
lived
locked
lost
made
met
opened
paid
put
read
replied
rode
rang
rose
rowed
ran
said
saw
sold
sent
shook
shone
shot
showed
shut
sang
sat
skipped
slept
spoke
stood
stole
stopped
took
talked
taught
tore
told
thought
tied
threw
used
waited
woke
walked

I have already (perfect)

added
beaten
bent
bitten
blown
broken
brought
bought
carried
caught
changed
closed
come
cried
cut
danced
dug
divided
done
drawn
drunk
dropped
eaten
fallen
fought
found
flown
got
given
gone
grown
hung
hidden
hit
held
hurried
joined
jumped
laughed
left
lived
locked
lost
made
met
opened
paid
put
read
replied
ridden
rung
risen
rowed
run
said
seen
sold
sent
shaken
shone
shot
shown
shut
sung
sat
skipped
slept
spoken
stood
stolen
stopped
taken
talked
taught
torn
told
thought
tied
thrown
used
waited
waken
walked

Tomorrow I shall (future)

add
beat
bend
bite
blow
break
bring
buy
carry
catch
change
close
come
cry
cut
dance
dig
divide
do
draw
drink
drop
eat
fall
fight
find
fly
get
give
go
grow
hang
hide
hit
hold
hurry
join
jump
laugh
leave
live
lock
lose
make
meet
open
pay
put
read
reply
ride
ring
rise
row
run
saying
see
sell
send
shake
shine
shoot
show
shut
sing
sit
skip
sleep
speak
stand
steal
stop
take
talk
teach
tear
tell
think
tie
throw
use
wait
wake
walk

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Possessive Pronouns

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The tortoise is his.

The wallet is hers.

That  jug is theirs.

This  clock is ours.

The words mine, his, hers, theirs and ours are
Possessive Pronouns
Possessive Pronouns are pronouns which are also used ot show possession.
To show that ‘I have a box’, we can use the possessive pronoun ‘mine‘.
Example: This box is mine.
This shows that the box belongs to me.  There is no noun after the possessive pronoun.
These are the nouns and their possessive pronouns.

I – mine, you-yours, he-his, she-hers, we-ours, they-theirs, it-its

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Possessive Adjectives

The businessman is driving his car.

Mr Pan is playing with his baby.

This is my wallet.

That is your wallet.

Its shell is green.

That  jug is theirs.

This  clock is ours.

What are the words showing possession in the above pictures?
They are his, her, my, your, its, their and ours.  They are called Possessive Adjectives.

A Possessive Adjective is used to show the object following it belongs to someone or something.

To show that ‘I have a box’ , we can use the possessive adjective ‘my’ .

Example: This is my box.

This shows that the box belongs to me.  The possessive adjective must be followed by a noun.

These are the nouns and their possessive adjectives:

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Possessive Nouns

Tina’s shoes

Nathan’s car

The cow’s horns

The nouns shown have something belonging to them.  Tina has a pair of shoes, Nathan has a car and the cow has horns.

Do you know what has to be added to those nouns to show that they own those things?

It is the apostrophe ( ‘s ).
So, we have Tina’s shoes, Nathan’s car and the cow’s horns.

These are Possessive Nouns.
The possessive form of a singular (one) noun is made by adding ‘s to it.

The carpenters’ tools

The shopkeepers’ goods

The ostriches’ beaks

Do you know what to add to the plural nouns to change them into the possessive form?
An apostrophe ( ‘ ) is added.
The possessive form of a plural ( two or more ) noun is made by adding to it.

The laces of the shoes.

The corners of the die.

The sleeves of the shirt.

The handle of the basket.

Shoes, shirt, die and basket are non-living things.
How do we show that something belongs to them?
The two words ‘of the‘ are used.
Possessive form of a non-living thing is made by using ‘of the’ .

When a noun has something, we change the noun to its possessive form – by adding ‘s‘, apostrophe or ‘of the‘.

These are some more examples:

Singular nouns:
The farmer has a dog.
That is the farmer’s dog.

The boy has a pen.
This is the boy’s pen.

Plural nouns:
The farmers have dogs.
Here are the farmers’ dogs.

The two boys have pens.
These are the two boys’ pens.

Non-living things
The house has a gate.
That is the gate of the house.

The cars have doors.
Here are the doors of the cars.

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Personal Pronouns



Look at what Red Riding Hood has said.   She talks about herself, her grandmother and her basket.  The nouns are replaced by ‘I‘ , ‘her‘ , ‘it‘ .  These words are called Personal Pronouns.

Personal Pronouns are words which can take the place of nouns.  They are used so that we will not be using the nouns all the time.

These are personal pronouns.

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Agreement

The lion is hungry.

Ferry kicks the ball.

They swim in the morning.

In the three sentences, ‘lion’, ‘Ferry’ , and ‘they’ are called the subjects of the sentences.
They can be singular or plural.

“Lion’ and ‘Ferry’ are singular.
The verb ‘is’ and ‘kicks’ are also singular.
‘They’ is plural.
The verb ‘swim’ is also plural.

The use of singular or plural verb must agree with the noun it is used with in the sentence.
singular verb must be used with a singular noun.
plural verb must be used with a plural noun.

The verb is commonly learnt in its plural form – go, come, fly, wash.
To change them into the singular form, we can

add ‘s’

come – comes
run – runs

add ‘es’

go – goes
wash – washes

change ‘y’ to ‘ies’

fly – flies
dry – dries

different words

have – has
are – is


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Singular and Plural nouns


Look at the picture.
Can you count the number of zebras?
There is only one zebra.

Now, have a look at this picture.
How many zebras are there?
There are many zebras.
To show that there is only one zebra, the word ‘zebra‘ is used.
To show that there is more than one, the word ‘zebras‘ is used.

We use a singular noun like ‘toy‘ to show that there is only one toy (singular).
If there are many toys, we will use the plural form.

There are many different ways to change nouns into their plural form. 
We have looked at all the different types of plural nouns.

By adding -s

ant
bag
cloak
dot
evening
friend
giraffe
manager
orang utan
plum
restaurant
xylophone

ants
bags
cloaks
dots
evenings
friends
girafffes
managers
orang utans
plums
restaurants
xylophones

By adding -es to nouns ending -s, -sh, -ch, -x

class
bush
ostrich
box
glass
fish
watch
fox

classes
bushes
ostriches
boxes
glasses
fishes
watches
foxes

By adding -es to nouns ending in -o

buffalo
potato
mango
mosquito
tomato

buffaloes
potatoes
mangoes
mosquitoes
tomatoes

By adding -s to some nouns ending in -o

kangaroo
zoo

kangaroos
zoos

By adding -y into-ies

lorry
baby
teddy
story
lady
lily
cherry
puppy
fly
nanny

lorries
babies
teddies
stories
ladies
lilies
cherries
puppies
flies
nannies

By adding -s to some nouns ending in -y

monkey
donkey
key
day
ray
toy
way

monkeys
donkeys
keys
days
rays
toys
ways

By changing -f or -fe into -ves

loaf
half
leaf
knife
life
shelf
elf
calf

loaves
halves
leaves
knives
lives
shelves
elves
calves

By changing -s to some nouns ending in -f

chief
cliff

chiefs
cliffs

In other ways

fireman
ox
child
louse
tooth
goose
foot
woman

firemen
oxen
children
lice
teeth
geese
feet
women