Look at the picture.
Can you count the number of zebras?
There is only one zebra.
Now, have a look at this picture.
How many zebras are there?
There are many zebras.
To show that there is only one zebra, the word ‘zebra‘ is used.
To show that there is more than one, the word ‘zebras‘ is used.
We use a singular noun like ‘toy‘ to show that there is only one toy (singular).
If there are many toys, we will use the plural form.
There are many different ways to change nouns into their plural form.
We have looked at all the different types of plural nouns.
By adding -s
In group A, we can see that there are some nails, sharks, roses and a table. How many of each are there?
We can count them, therefore they are known as countable nouns. For singular (one) countable noun, we use ‘a’ or ‘an’. We use ‘an’ only for nouns that begin with vowel sounds (a, e, i, o, u). Example: This is a dog. That is an egg.
For plural (two or more) countable nouns, we use ‘many’ and ‘a few’. Example: There are many boys. A few books are on the table.
Now, look at group B.
Are flour, salt and milk countable? No, therefore they are called uncountable nouns.
For singular (one) uncountable noun, we do not use ‘a’ or ‘an’. Example: There is water.
For plural (two or more) uncountable noun, we use ‘much’ and ‘a little’.
Example: There is much milk. There is little food.