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What are Compound Words?

Compound Words are formed by combining two or more separate words to create a new word with a different meaning. Here are some examples of compound words that are commonly introduced in primary level.

Compound Words

Sunflower: “Sun” + “flower” = A type of flower that follows the movement of the sun.
Butterfly: “Butter” + “fly” = An insect with colorful wings.
Raincoat: “Rain” + “coat” = A waterproof coat worn to protect from rain.
Football: “Foot” + “ball” = A ball game played by kicking a round ball.
Cupcake: “Cup” + “cake” = A small cake baked in a cup-shaped container.
Doghouse: “Dog” + “house” = A small shelter or kennel for a dog.
Fishbowl: “Fish” + “bowl” = A glass bowl or container where fish are kept.
Lunchbox: “Lunch” + “box” = A container used to carry a meal or packed lunch.
Bedtime: “Bed” + “time” = The time to go to bed or sleep.
Snowman: “Snow” + “man” = A figure made of snow with a human shape.

These compound words are often introduced to help children understand the concept of word formation and expand their vocabulary.

Closed Compounds

In closed compounds, two words are joined together without any spaces or hyphens between them.
Examples include “sunflower,” “notebook,” and “raincoat.”

Hyphenated Compounds

Hyphenated compounds consist of two or more words connected with hyphens.
Examples include “mother-in-law,” “six-year-old,” and “well-being.”

Open Compounds

Open compounds are made up of two or more words written separately. There are no spaces or hyphens between the words.
Examples include “ice cream,” “school bus,” and “coffee table.”

Compound words can be formed using different word classes, such as nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs. The combination of these words can create new meanings or specify a particular concept.

They are also an essential part of language, as they allow for more precise and efficient communication by expressing complex ideas with a single word. Understanding compound words is important for vocabulary development, reading comprehension, and effective writing.

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